NIF LinkOut Portal

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

Intestinal absorption of dietary cholesteryl ester is decreased but retinyl ester absorption is normal in carboxyl ester lipase knockout mice.

Authors:
Weng W, Li L, van Bennekum AM, Potter SH, Harrison EH, Blaner WS, Breslow JL, Fisher EA
Affiliation:
Journal:
Biochemistry

Abstract

Carboxyl ester lipase (CEL; EC 3.1.1.13) hydrolyzes cholesteryl esters and retinyl esters in vitro. In vivo, pancreatic CEL is thought to liberate cholesterol and retinol from their esters prior to absorption in the intestine. CEL is also a major lipase in the breast milk of many mammals, including humans and mice, and is thought to participate in the processing of triglycerides to provide energy for growth and development while the pancreas of the neonate matures. Other suggested roles for CEL include the direct facilitation of the intestinal absorption of free cholesterol and the modification of plasma lipoproteins. Mice with different CEL genotypes [wild type (WT), knockout (CELKO), heterozygote] were generated to study the functions of CEL in a physiological system. Mice grew and developed normally, independent of the CEL genotype of the pup or nursing mother. Consistent with this was the normal absorption of triglyceride in CELKO mice. The absorption of free cholesterol was also not significantly different between CELKO (87 +/- 26%, mean +/- SD) and WT littermates (76 +/- 10%). Compared to WT mice, however, CELKO mice absorbed only about 50% of the cholesterol provided as cholesteryl ester (CE). There was no evidence for the direct intestinal uptake of CE or for intestinal bacterial enzymes that hydrolyze it, suggesting that another enzyme besides CEL can hydrolyze dietary CE in mice. Surprisingly, CELKO and WT mice absorbed similar amounts of retinol provided as retinyl ester (RE). RE hydrolysis, however, was required for absorption, implying that CEL was not the responsible enzyme. The changes in plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels to diets with increasing lipid content were similar in mice of all three CEL genotypes. Overall, the data indicate that in the mouse, other enzymes besides CEL participate in the hydrolysis of dietary cholesteryl esters, retinyl esters, and triglycerides.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X