NIF LinkOut Portal

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

Enhancement of D1 dopamine receptor-mediated locomotor stimulation in M(4) muscarinic acetylcholine receptor knockout mice.

Authors:
Gomeza J, Zhang L, Kostenis E, Felder C, Bymaster F, Brodkin J, Shannon H, Xia B, Deng C, Wess J
Affiliation:
Journal:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Abstract

Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (M(1)-M(5)) regulate many key functions of the central and peripheral nervous system. Primarily because of the lack of receptor subtype-selective ligands, the precise physiological roles of the individual muscarinic receptor subtypes remain to be elucidated. Interestingly, the M(4) receptor subtype is expressed abundantly in the striatum and various other forebrain regions. To study its potential role in the regulation of locomotor activity and other central functions, we used gene-targeting technology to create mice that lack functional M(4) receptors. Pharmacologic analysis of M(4) receptor-deficient mice indicated that M(4) receptors are not required for muscarinic receptor-mediated analgesia, tremor, hypothermia, and salivation. Strikingly, M(4) receptor-deficient mice showed an increase in basal locomotor activity and greatly enhanced locomotor responses (as compared with their wild-type littermates) after activation of D1 dopamine receptors. These results indicate that M(4) receptors exert inhibitory control on D1 receptor-mediated locomotor stimulation, probably at the level of striatal projection neurons where the two receptors are coexpressed at high levels. Our findings offer new perspectives for the treatment of Parkinson's disease and other movement disorders that are characterized by an imbalance between muscarinic cholinergic and dopaminergic neurotransmission.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X