Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Reduced gray matter volume in schizophrenia.

Gur RE, Turetsky BI, Bilker WB, Gur RC
Archives of general psychiatry


BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence that gray matter (GM) is reduced in patients with schizophrenia. Information on the extent of global differences in the 3 principal supertentorial compartments is necessary for interpretation of regional effects. The relation of GM reduction to clinical status and neurocognition also requires examination. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging, neurocognitive measures, and clinical assessment of symptoms and functioning were obtained for 130 patients (51 neuroleptic naive, 79 previously treated) and 130 healthy controls (75 men, 55 women in each group). RESULTS: Overall GM volume was reduced in patients compared with controls. This was evident in men (6% reduction) and women (2% reduction) and was already evident at the first presentation of neuroleptic-naive patients. The reduction sustained correction for age and total intracranial volume. Compartmental volumes did not correlate with the severity of positive (r, -0.08 to 0.23) or negative (r, -0.01 to -0.07) symptoms, but GM volume was associated with better premorbid functioning in women (r, 0.36-0.51). Small but significant correlations (r, 0.19-0.44) were observed between GM volume and performance in 6 neurocognitive domains. These correlations varied by diagnosis, most higher in patients, and were moderated by sex. CONCLUSIONS: Gray matter volume reduction in schizophrenia is already evident in men and women at first presentation. While this reduction is not correlated with symptom severity, it is associated with cognitive performance. Since GM development accelerates in the later part of gestation, while white matter growth is primarily postnatal, the results may support the hypothesis that neurodevelopmental processes relate to GM deficit.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.