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Coupling of stress in the ER to activation of JNK protein kinases by transmembrane protein kinase IRE1.

Authors:
Urano F, Wang X, Bertolotti A, Zhang Y, Chung P, Harding HP, Ron D
Affiliation:
Journal:
Science (New York, N.Y.)

Abstract

Malfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) induce cellular stress and activate c-Jun amino-terminal kinases (JNKs or SAPKs). Mammalian homologs of yeast IRE1, which activate chaperone genes in response to ER stress, also activated JNK, and IRE1alpha-/- fibroblasts were impaired in JNK activation by ER stress. The cytoplasmic part of IRE1 bound TRAF2, an adaptor protein that couples plasma membrane receptors to JNK activation. Dominant-negative TRAF2 inhibited activation of JNK by IRE1. Activation of JNK by endogenous signals initiated in the ER proceeds by a pathway similar to that initiated by cell surface receptors in response to extracellular signals.

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