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The c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase promotes insulin resistance during association with insulin receptor substrate-1 and phosphorylation of Ser(307).

Aguirre V, Uchida T, Yenush L, Davis R, White MF
The Journal of biological chemistry


Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) inhibits insulin action, in part, through serine phosphorylation of IRS proteins; however, the phosphorylation sites that mediate the inhibition are unknown. TNFalpha promotes multipotential signal transduction cascades, including the activation of the Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK). Endogenous JNK associates with IRS-1 in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Anisomycin, a strong activator of JNK in these cells, stimulates the activity of JNK bound to IRS-1 and inhibits the insulin-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS-1. Serine 307 is a major site of JNK phosphorylation in IRS-1. Mutation of serine 307 to alanine eliminates phosphorylation of IRS-1 by JNK and abrogates the inhibitory effect of TNFalpha on insulin-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS-1. These results suggest that phosphorylation of serine 307 might mediate, at least partially, the inhibitory effect of proinflammatory cytokines like TNFalpha on IRS-1 function.

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