X

Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.

X

Login to SciCrunch

X

Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?

NO

NIF LinkOut Portal

FILTERS

Structural and functional analysis of the recombinant G domain of the laminin alpha4 chain and its proteolytic processing in tissues.

Authors:
Talts JF, Sasaki T, Miosge N, Göhring W, Mann K, Mayne R, Timpl R
Affiliation:
Journal:
The Journal of biological chemistry

Abstract

The C-terminal G domains of laminin alpha chains have been implicated in various cellular and other interactions. The G domain of the alpha4 chain was now produced in transfected mammalian cells as two tandem arrays of LG modules, alpha4LG1-3 and alpha4LG4-5. The recombinant fragments were shown to fold into globular structures and could be distinguished by specific antibodies. Both fragments were able to bind to heparin, sulfatides, and the microfibrillar fibulin-1 and fibulin-2. They were, however, poor substrates for cell adhesion and had only a low affinity for the alpha-dystroglycan receptor when compared with the G domains of the laminin alpha1 and alpha2 chains. Yet antibodies to alpha4LG1-3 but not to alpha4LG4-5 clearly inhibited alpha(6)beta(1) integrin-mediated cell adhesion to laminin-8, indicating the participation of alpha4LG1-3 in a cell-adhesive structure of higher complexity. Proteolytic processing within a link region between the alpha4LG3 and alpha4LG4 modules was shown to occur during recombinant production and in endothelial and Schwann cell culture. Cleavage could be attributed to three different peptide bonds and is accompanied by the release of the alpha4LG4-5 segment. Immunohistology demonstrated abundant staining of alpha4LG1-3 in vessel walls, adipose, and perineural tissue. No significant staining was found for alpha4LG4-5, indicating their loss from tissues. Immunogold staining demonstrated an association of the alpha4 chain primarily with microfibrillar regions rather than with basement membranes, while laminin alpha2 chains appear primarily associated with various basement membranes.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X