Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Expectation of pain enhances responses to nonpainful somatosensory stimulation in the anterior cingulate cortex and parietal operculum/posterior insula: an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging study.

Sawamoto N, Honda M, Okada T, Hanakawa T, Kanda M, Fukuyama H, Konishi J, Shibasaki H
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience


Although behavioral studies suggest that pain distress may alter the perception of somatic stimulation, neural correlates underlying such alteration remain to be clarified. The present study was aimed to test the hypothesis that expectation of pain might amplify brain responses to somatosensory stimulation in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the region including parietal operculum and posterior insula (PO/PI), both of which may play roles in regulating pain-dependent behavior. We compared brain responses with and subjective evaluation of physically identical nonpainful warm stimuli between two psychologically different contexts: one linked with pain expectation by presenting the nonpainful stimuli randomly intermixed with painful stimuli and the other without. By applying the event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging technique, brain responses to the stimuli were assessed with respect to signal changes and activated volume, setting regions of interest on activated clusters in ACC and bilateral PO/PI defined by painful stimuli. As a result, the uncertain expectation of painful stimulus enhanced transient brain responses to nonpainful stimulus in ACC and PO/PI. The enhanced responses were revealed as a higher intensity of signal change in ACC and larger volume of activated voxels in PO/PI. Behavioral measurements demonstrated that expectation of painful stimulus amplified perceived unpleasantness of innocuous stimulus. From these findings, it is suggested that ACC and PO/PI are involved in modulation of affective aspect of sensory perception by the uncertain expectation of painful stimulus.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.