X

Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.

X

Login to SciCrunch

X

Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?

NO

NIF LinkOut Portal

FILTERS

Juvenile macular dystrophy associated with deficient activity of fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase in Sjögren-Larsson syndrome.

Authors:
Willemsen MA, Cruysberg JR, Rotteveel JJ, Aandekerk AL, Van Domburg PH, Deutman AF
Affiliation:
Journal:
American journal of ophthalmology

Abstract

PURPOSE: To report the ocular manifestations associated with the Sjögren-Larsson syndrome in a series of patients with proven fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase deficiency. To emphasize the clinical importance of the ophthalmological features of the Sjögren-Larsson syndrome. To discuss the metabolic disturbances that might give rise to the ophthalmological picture. METHODS: Fifteen patients with Sjögren-Larsson syndrome underwent a standardized ophthalmological examination. In patients of appropriate age, and who were able to cooperate, additional investigations were performed. RESULTS: All patients exhibited bilateral, glistening yellow-white crystalline deposits that were located in the innermost retinal layers and appeared during the first 2 years of life. Repeated fundus photography in individual patients showed that the dots became more numerous as the patients got older. Photophobia, subnormal visual acuity, myopia, and astigmatism were found in most of the patients. Fluorescein angiography was performed in three patients and showed a mottled hyperfluorescence of the retinal pigment epithelium, without leakage. Color vision, electroretinography, and electro-oculography could be performed in only a small number of patients and showed no abnormalities. Visual evoked potentials were found to be abnormal in six of eight patients. CONCLUSIONS: In Sjögren-Larsson syndrome, patients exhibit highly characteristic bilateral, glistening yellow-white retinal dots from the age of 1 to 2 years onward. The number of dots increases with age. The extent of the macular abnormality does not correlate with the severity of the ichthyosis or with the severity of the neurological abnormalities. A high percentage of patients shows additional ocular signs and symptoms, notably marked photophobia.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X