Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Engagement of the CrkL adaptor in interferon alpha signalling in BCR-ABL-expressing cells.

Grumbach IM, Mayer IA, Uddin S, Lekmine F, Majchrzak B, Yamauchi H, Fujita S, Druker B, Fish EN, Platanias LC
British journal of haematology


Interferon alpha (IFNalpha) has significant clinical activity in the treatment of patients with chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML), but the mechanisms of its selective efficacy in the treatment of the disease are unknown. The CrkL adaptor protein interacts directly with the BCR-ABL fusion protein that causes the malignant transformation and is constitutively phosphorylated in BCR-ABL-expressing cells. In the present study, we provide evidence that CrkL was engaged in IFNalpha-signalling in the CML-derived KT-1 cell line, which expresses BCR-ABL and is sensitive to the growth inhibitory effects of IFNalpha. CrkL is constitutively associated with BCR-ABL in these cells and treatment with IFNalpha had no effect on the BCR-ABL/CrkL interaction. After IFNalpha stimulation, CrkL associated with Stat5, which also underwent phosphorylation in an IFNalpha-dependent manner. The interaction of CrkL with Stat5 was facilitated by the function of both the SH2 and the N-terminus SH3 domains of CrkL. The resulting CrkL-Stat5 complex translocated to the nucleus and could be detected in gel shift assays using elements derived from either the beta-casein promoter or the promoter of the PML gene, an IFNalpha-inducible gene that mediates growth inhibitory responses. In addition to its interaction with Stat5, CrkL interacts with C3G in KT-1 cells and such an interaction regulates the downstream activation of the small GTPase Rap1, which also mediates inhibition of cell proliferation. Thus, despite its engagement by BCR-ABL in CML-derived cells, CrkL mediates activation of downstream signalling pathways in response to the activated type I IFN receptor and such signals may contribute to the generation of the anti-proliferative effects of IFNalpha in CML.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.