Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Characterization of Mpl mutants using primary megakaryocyte-lineage cells from mpl(-/-) mice: a new system for Mpl structure-function studies.

Gaur M, Murphy GJ, deSauvage FJ, Leavitt AD


Mpl is the thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor. The current molecular understanding of how Mpl activation stimulates proliferation of megakaryocyte-lineage cells is based largely on the engineered expression of Mpl in nonmegakaryocyte-lineage cell lines. However, the relevance of these findings to Mpl signaling in primary megakaryocyte-lineage cells remains largely unknown. Therefore, a system was developed to study Mpl function in primary mpl(-/-) megakaryocyte-lineage cells. Expressing avian retroviral receptors on the surfaces of mammalian cells overcomes their natural block to avian retroviral infection; 815 bp of human GPIIb regulatory sequence was used to generate transgenic mice with megakaryocyte-lineage expression of the subgroup A avian leukosis virus receptor, TVA. Avian retroviral infection of unfractionated bone marrow from these mice is restricted to megakaryocyte-lineage cells. The transgenic mice were crossed to an mpl(-/-) background generating GPIIb-tva+mpl(-/-) mice. By using avian retroviruses to express wild-type or mutant Mpl on the surfaces of primary megakaryocyte-lineage cells, it was demonstrated that (1) the 10 membrane-proximal, cytoplasmic amino acids of Mpl are required for TPO-induced proliferation; (2) Y582F mutation confers a proliferative advantage over wild-type Mpl and imparts a constitutive anti-apoptotic signal; (3) truncating the 50 C-terminal Mpl amino acids reduces but does not eliminate TPO-induced mitogen-activated protein kinase activation, yet it does not alter the synergistic effect of stem cell factor on TPO-induced proliferation; and (4) TPO-induced proliferation of early, primary megakaryocyte-lineage cells does not require Stat-5 phosphorylation. The system reported provides an improved approach for Mpl structure-function studies, and the method can be applied to any hematopoietic lineage.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.