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ASK1 is required for sustained activations of JNK/p38 MAP kinases and apoptosis.

Authors:
Tobiume K, Matsuzawa A, Takahashi T, Nishitoh H, Morita K, Takeda K, Minowa O, Miyazono K, Noda T, Ichijo H
Affiliation:
Journal:
EMBO reports

Abstract

Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase (ASK) 1 is activated in response to various cytotoxic stresses including TNF, Fas and reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as H(2)O(2), and activates c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38. However, the roles of JNK and p38 signaling pathways during apoptosis have been controversial. Here we show that by deleting ASK1 in mice, TNF- and H(2)O(2)-induced sustained activations of JNK and p38 are lost in ASK1(-/-) embryonic fibroblasts, and that ASK1(-/-) cells are resistant to TNF- and H(2)O(2)-induced apoptosis. TNF- but not Fas-induced apoptosis requires ROS-dependent activation of ASK1-JNK/p38 pathways. Thus, ASK1 is selectively required for TNF- and oxidative stress-induced sustained activations of JNK/p38 and apoptosis.

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