We are currently experiencing intermittent outages following SDSC Maintenance, we apologize for any inconvenience.

NIF LinkOut Portal

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

A novel IkappaB protein, IkappaB-zeta, induced by proinflammatory stimuli, negatively regulates nuclear factor-kappaB in the nuclei.

Authors:
Yamazaki S, Muta T, Takeshige K
Affiliation:
Journal:
The Journal of biological chemistry

Abstract

The transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) plays crucial roles in a wide variety of cellular functions and its activity is strictly regulated by cytosolic inhibitors known as IkappaBs. We here report a new member of the IkappaB protein family, IkappaB-zeta, harboring six ankyrin repeats at its carboxyl terminus. IkappaB-zeta mRNA is strongly induced after stimulation by lipopolysaccharide. The induction of IkappaB-zeta is also observed by stimulation with interleukin-1beta but not by tumor necrosis factor-alpha. In contrast to cytosolic IkappaB-alpha, -beta, and -epsilon, the induced IkappaB-zeta localizes in the nucleus via its amino-terminal region, which shows no homology with other proteins. Transiently expressed IkappaB-zeta inhibits the NF-kappaB activity without affecting the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB upon stimulation. The expressed IkappaB-zeta preferentially associates with the NF-kappaB subunit p50 rather than p65 and recombinant IkappaB-zeta proteins inhibit the DNA binding of the p65/p50 heterodimer and the p50/p50 homodimer. Thus, IkappaB-zeta negatively regulates NF-kappaB activity in the nucleus, possibly in order to prevent excessive inflammation. Moreover, transfection of IkappaB-zeta renders cells more susceptible to apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha. The proapoptotic activity of IkappaB-zeta further suggests that it might be one of key regulators for inflammation and other biologically relevant processes.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X