Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Increased susceptibility to tumor initiation and metastasis in TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-deficient mice.

Cretney E, Takeda K, Yagita H, Glaccum M, Peschon JJ, Smyth MJ
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)


We have previously implicated TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) in innate immune surveillance against tumor development. In this study, we describe the use of TRAIL gene-targeted mice to demonstrate the key role of TRAIL in suppressing tumor initiation and metastasis. Liver and spleen mononuclear cells from TRAIL gene-targeted mice were devoid of TRAIL expression and TRAIL-mediated cytotoxicity. TRAIL gene-targeted mice were more susceptible to experimental and spontaneous tumor metastasis, and the immunotherapeutic value of alpha-galactosylceramide was diminished in TRAIL gene-targeted mice. TRAIL gene-targeted mice were also more sensitive to the chemical carcinogen methylcholanthrene. These results substantiated TRAIL as an important natural effector molecule used in the host defense against transformed cells.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.