Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Protein-protein interactions between human exosome components support the assembly of RNase PH-type subunits into a six-membered PNPase-like ring.

Raijmakers R, Egberts WV, van Venrooij WJ, Pruijn GJ
Journal of molecular biology


The exosome is a complex of 3'-->5' exoribonucleases, which functions in a variety of cellular processes, all requiring the processing or degradation of RNA. Here we present a model for the assembly of the six human RNase PH-like exosome subunits into a hexameric ring structure. In part, this structure is on the basis of the evolutionarily related bacterial degradosome, the core of which consists of three copies of the PNPase protein, each containing two RNase PH domains. In our model three additional exosome subunits, which contain S1 RNA-binding domains, are positioned on the outer surface of this ring. Evidence for this model was obtained by the identification of protein-protein interactions between individual exosome subunits in a mammalian two-hybrid system. In addition, the results of co-immunoprecipitation assays indicate that at least two copies of hRrp4p and hRrp41p are associated with a single exosome, suggesting that at least two of these ring structures are present in this complex. Finally, the identification of a human gene encoding the putative human counterpart of the bacterial PNPase protein is described, which suggests that the exosome is not the eukaryotic equivalent of the bacterial degradosome, although they do share similar functional activities.

BioGRID Links

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.