Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Regulation of sympathetic neuron and neuroblastoma cell death by XIAP and its association with proteasomes in neural cells.

Yu LY, Korhonen L, Martinez R, Jokitalo E, Chen Y, Arumäe U, Lindholm D
Molecular and cellular neurosciences


XIAP (X chromosome-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein) has been shown to inhibit cell death in a variety of cells. XIAP binds to active caspases, but XIAP also has a carboxy-terminal RING domain that can regulate cell death via protein degradation. Here we have studied the function of full-length and RING-deleted XIAP in mouse sympathetic neurons microinjected with expression plasmids and in neuroblastoma cells stably overexpressing these proteins. Both full-length and RING-deleted XIAP-protected sympathetic neurons against death induced by nerve growth factor (NGF) withdrawal to about the same extent. However, the two proteins were differentially localized in transfected neurons, with RING-deleted XIAP present in the cytoplasm and full-length XIAP found mostly in cytoplasmic protein aggregates, as revealed by transmission electron microscopy. The occurrence of these aggregates was blocked by lactacystin, a proteasome inhibitor. In neuroblastoma cells, RING-deleted XIAP protected against death induced by staurosporine, thapsigargin, or serum withdrawal, whereas full-length XIAP was without effect. Full-length, but not RING-deleted, XIAP was degraded and ubiquitinated in the neuroblastoma cells. The results show that the presence of the RING domain differentially affected the neuroprotective ability of XIAP in sensory neurons and neuroblastoma cells. The RING domain was essentially required for the proteasomal association of XIAP and for its ubiquitination.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.