Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Identification of eight members of the Argonaute family in the human genome.

Sasaki T, Shiohama A, Minoshima S, Shimizu N


A number of genes have been identified as members of the Argonaute family in various nonhuman organisms and these genes are considered to play important roles in the development and maintenance of germ-line stem cells. In this study, we identified the human Argonaute family, consisting of eight members. Proteins to be produced from these family members retain a common architecture with the PAZ motif in the middle and Piwi motif in the C-terminal region. Based on the sequence comparison, eight members of the Argonaute family were classified into two subfamilies: the PIWI subfamily (PIWIL1/HIWI, PIWIL2/HILI, PIWIL3, and PIWIL4/HIWI2) and the eIF2C/AGO subfamily (EIF2C1/hAGO1, EIF2C2/hAGO2, EIF2C3/hAGO3, and EIF2C4/hAGO4). PCR analysis using human multitissue cDNA panels indicated that all four members of the PIWI subfamily are expressed mainly in the testis, whereas all four members of the eIF2C/AGO subfamily are expressed in a variety of adult tissues. Immunoprecipitation and affinity binding experiments using human HEK293 cells cotransfected with cDNAs for FLAG-tagged DICER, a member of the ribonuclease III family, and the His-tagged members of the Argonaute family suggested that the proteins from members of both subfamilies are associated with DICER. We postulate that at least some members of the human Argonaute family may be involved in the development and maintenance of stem cells through the RNA-mediated gene-quelling mechanisms associated with DICER.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.