Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay in mammalian cells involves decapping, deadenylating, and exonucleolytic activities.

Lejeune F, Li X, Maquat LE
Molecular cell


Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a mechanism by which cells recognize and degrade mRNAs that prematurely terminate translation. To date, the polarity and enzymology of NMD in mammalian cells is unknown. We show here that downregulating the Dcp2 decapping protein or the PM/Scl100 component of the exosome (1) significantly increases the abundance of steady-state nonsense-containing but not nonsense-free mRNAs, and (2) significantly slows the decay rate of transiently induced nonsense-containing but not nonsense-free mRNA. Downregulating poly(A) ribonuclease (PARN) also increases the abundance of nonsense-containing mRNAs. Furthermore, NMD factors Upf1, Upf2, and Upf3X coimmunopurify with the decapping enzyme Dcp2, the putative 5'-->3' exonuclease Rat1, the proven 5'-->3' exonuclease Xrn1, exosomal components PM/Scl100, Rrp4, and Rrp41, and PARN. From these and other data, we conclude that NMD in mammalian cells degrades mRNAs from both 5' and 3' ends by recruiting decapping and 5'-->3' exonuclease activities as well as deadenylating and 3'-->5' exonuclease activities.

BioGRID Links

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.