Neuroscience Information Framework

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

Klotho, a gene related to a syndrome resembling human premature aging, functions in a negative regulatory circuit of vitamin D endocrine system.

Authors:
Tsujikawa H, Kurotaki Y, Fujimori T, Fukuda K, Nabeshima Y
Affiliation:
Journal:
Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.)

Abstract

The klotho gene encodes a novel type I membrane protein of beta-glycosidase family and is expressed principally in distal tubule cells of the kidney and choroid plexus in the brain. These mutants displayed abnormal calcium and phosphorus homeostasis together with increased serum 1,25-(OH)2D. In kl-/- mice at the age of 3 wk, elevated levels of serum calcium (10.9 +/- 0.31 mg/dl vs. 10.0 +/- 0.048 mg/dl in wild-type mice), phosphorus (14.7 +/- 1.1 mg/dl vs. 9.7 +/- 1.5 mg/dl in wild type) and most notably, 1,25-(OH)2D (403 +/- 99.7 mg/dl vs. 88.0 +/- 34.0 mg/dl in wild type) were observed. Reduction of serum 1,25-(OH)2D concentrations by dietary restriction resulted in alleviation of most of the phenotypes, suggesting that they are downstream events resulting from elevated 1,25-(OH)2D. We searched for the signals that lead to up-regulation of vitamin D activating enzymes. We examined the response of 1alpha-hydroxylase gene expression to calcium regulating hormones, such as PTH, calcitonin, and 1,25-(OH)2D3. These pathways were intact in klotho null mutant mice, suggesting the existence of alternate regulatory circuits. We also found that the administration of 1,25-(OH)2D3 induced the expression of klotho in the kidney. These observations suggest that klotho may participate in a negative regulatory circuit of the vitamin D endocrine system, through the regulation of 1alpha-hydroxylase gene expression.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X