Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


The Flt3 internal tandem duplication mutant inhibits the function of transcriptional repressors by blocking interactions with SMRT.

Takahashi S, McConnell MJ, Harigae H, Kaku M, Sasaki T, Melnick AM, Licht JD


Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (Flt3) is a type III receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK). Between 20% and 30% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients have either an internal tandem duplication (ITD) of the juxtamembrane region or a point mutation of the Flt3 receptor leading to the constitutive activation of downstream signaling pathways and aberrant cell growth. The silencing mediator of retinoic and thyroid hormone receptors (SMRT) corepressor mediates transcriptional repression by interacting with transcription factors such as the promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger (PLZF) protein. Previous reports indicate that SMRT interaction with transcription factors can be disrupted by phosphorylation through activation of RTK pathways. We report here that the Flt3-ITD interferes with the transcriptional and biologic action of the PLZF transcriptional repressor. In the presence of Flt3-ITD, PLZF-SMRT interaction was reduced, transcriptional repression by PLZF was inhibited, and PLZF-mediated growth suppression of leukemia cells was partially blocked. Furthermore, overexpression of Flt3-ITD led to a partial relocalization of SMRT protein from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Nuclear export was dependent on the SMRT receptor interaction domain (RID), and Flt3-ITD enhances the binding of nuclear-cytoplasm shuttling protein nuclear factor-kappaB-p65 (NFkappaB-p65) to this region. These data suggest that activating mutations of Flt3 may disrupt transcriptional repressor function resulting in aberrant gene regulation and abnormal leukemia cell growth.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.