X

Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.

X

Login to SciCrunch

X

Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?

NO

NIF LinkOut Portal

FILTERS

Human Claspin works with BRCA1 to both positively and negatively regulate cell proliferation.

Authors:
Lin SY, Li K, Stewart GS, Elledge SJ
Affiliation:
Journal:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Abstract

Claspin is a homolog of Mrc1, a checkpoint protein required for the DNA replication checkpoint in yeast. In Xenopus, phosphorylated Claspin binds to xChk1 and regulates xChk1 activation in response to replication stress. In this study, we have shown that the human homolog of Claspin is required for resistance to multiple forms of genotoxic stress including UV, IR, and hydroxyurea. Phosphorylation of Claspin was found to depend on the ataxia telangiectasia mutated-Rad3 related (ATR) pathway. DNA damage induces the formation of a complex between Claspin and BRCA1, a second regulator of Chk1 activation. Claspin was found to control BRCA1 phosphorylation on serine 1524, a site whose phosphorylation is controlled by the ATR pathway. These results are consistent with a model in which ATR regulates Claspin phosphorylation in response to DNA damage and replication stress resulting in recruitment and phosphorylation of BRCA1. BRCA1 and Claspin then function to activate the tumor suppressor Chk1. Unexpectedly, we found that Claspin has a second, positive role in control of the cell cycle as Claspin overexpression increased cell proliferation. These results suggest that Claspin has properties of both a tumor suppressor and an oncogene.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X