Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


DNMT3L stimulates the DNA methylation activity of Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b through a direct interaction.

Suetake I, Shinozaki F, Miyagawa J, Takeshima H, Tajima S
The Journal of biological chemistry


In mammals, the resetting of DNA methylation patterns in early embryos and germ cells is crucial for development. Two DNA methyltransferases, Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b, are responsible for the creation of DNA methylation patterns. Dnmt3L, a member of the Dnmt3 family, has been reported to be necessary for maternal methylation imprinting, possibly by interacting with Dnmt3a and/or Dnmt3b (Hata, K., Okano, M., Lei, H., and Li, E. (2002) Development 129, 1983-1993). In the present study, the effect of DNMT3L, a human homologue of Dnmt3L, on the DNA methylation activity of mouse Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b was examined in vitro. DNMT3L enhanced the DNA methylation activity of Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b about 1.5-3-fold in a dose-dependent manner but did not enhance the DNA methylation activity of Dnmt1. Although the extents of stimulation were different, a stimulatory effect on the DNA methylation activity was observed for all of the substrate DNA sequences examined, such as those of the maternally methylated SNRPN and Lit-1 imprinting genes, the paternally methylated H19 imprinting gene, the CpG island of the myoD gene, the 5 S ribosomal RNA gene, an artificial 28-bp DNA, poly(dG-dC)-poly(dG-dC), and poly(dI-dC)-poly(dI-dC). DNMT3L could not bind to DNA but could bind to Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b, indicating that the stimulatory effect of DNMT3L on the DNA methylation activity may not be due to the guiding of Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b to the targeting DNA sequence but may comprise a direct effect on their catalytic activity. The carboxyl-terminal half of DNMT3L was found to be responsible for the enhancement of the enzyme activity.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.