Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


The trihelical bundle subdomain of the GGA proteins interacts with multiple partners through overlapping but distinct sites.

Mattera R, Puertollano R, Smith WJ, Bonifacino JS
The Journal of biological chemistry


The Golgi-localized, gamma-adaptin ear-containing, ARF-binding (GGA) proteins are monomeric clathrin adaptors that mediate the sorting of cargo at the trans-Golgi network and endosomes. The GGAs contain four different domains named Vps27, Hrs, Stam (VHS); GGAs and TOM1 (GAT); hinge; and gamma-adaptin ear (GAE). The VHS domain recognizes transmembrane cargo, whereas the hinge and GAE regions bind clathrin and accessory proteins, respectively. The GAT domain is a polyfunctional module that interacts with various partners including the small GTPase ARF, the endosomal fusion regulator Rabaptin-5, ubiquitin, and the product of the tumor susceptibility gene 101 (TSG101). Previous x-ray crystallographic analyses showed that the GAT region is composed of two subdomains, an N-terminal helix-loop-helix containing the ARF binding site, and a C-terminal triple alpha-helical (trihelical) bundle. In this study, we define the Rabaptin-5 binding site on the GGA1-GAT domain and its relationship to the binding sites for ubiquitin and TSG101. Our observations show that Rabaptin-5, ubiquitin, and TSG101 bind to overlapping but distinct binding sites on the trihelical bundle. The different GAT binding partners engage in both competitive and cooperative interactions that may be important for the function of the GGAs in protein sorting.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.