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PI3Kgamma modulates the cardiac response to chronic pressure overload by distinct kinase-dependent and -independent effects.

Authors:
Patrucco E, Notte A, Barberis L, Selvetella G, Maffei A, Brancaccio M, Marengo S, Russo G, Azzolino O, Rybalkin SD, Silengo L, Altruda F, Wetzker R, Wymann MP, Lembo G, Hirsch E
Affiliation:
Journal:
Cell

Abstract

The G protein-coupled, receptor-activated phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma (PI3Kgamma) mediates inflammatory responses and negatively controls cardiac contractility by reducing cAMP concentration. Here, we report that mice carrying a targeted mutation in the PI3Kgamma gene causing loss of kinase activity (PI3KgammaKD/KD) display reduced inflammatory reactions but no alterations in cardiac contractility. We show that, in PI3KgammaKD/KD hearts, cAMP levels are normal and that PI3Kgamma-deficient mice but not PI3KgammaKD/KD mice develop dramatic myocardial damage after chronic pressure overload induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC). Finally, our data indicate that PI3Kgamma is an essential component of a complex controlling PDE3B phosphodiesterase-mediated cAMP destruction. Thus, cardiac PI3Kgamma participates in two distinct signaling pathways: a kinase-dependent activity that controls PKB/Akt as well as MAPK phosphorylation and contributes to TAC-induced cardiac remodeling, and a kinase-independent activity that relies on protein interactions to regulate PDE3B activity and negatively modulates cardiac contractility.

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