NIF LinkOut Portal

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

Toward the evaluation of function in genetic variability: characterizing human SNP frequencies and establishing BAC-transgenic mice carrying the human CYP1A1_CYP1A2 locus.

Authors:
Jiang Z, Dalton TP, Jin L, Wang B, Tsuneoka Y, Shertzer HG, Deka R, Nebert DW
Affiliation:
Journal:
Human mutation

Abstract

Interindividual differences in human CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 expression appear to be associated with variability in risk toward various types of environmental toxicity and cancer. These two genes are oriented head-to-head on human chromosome 15; the 23.3-kb spacer region might contain distinct regulatory regions for CYP1A1 and distinct regulatory regions for CYP1A2, or the regulatory regions for the two genes might overlap one another. From 24 unrelated subjects of five major, geographically-isolated subgroups, we resequenced both genes (all exons and all introns) plus some 3' flanking sequences and the entire spacer region (39.6 kb total); 85 SNPs were found, 49 of which were not currently in the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database. Of the 57 double-hit SNPs, we carried out SNP-typing in 94 Africans, 96 Asians, and 83 Caucasians and found striking ethnic differences in SNP frequencies and haplotype evolution; the two CYP1A1 SNPs and the one CYP1A2 SNP that are most commonly used in epidemiological studies were shown not to be representative haplotype tag SNPs across these three human subgroups. Four BAC-transgenic mouse lines, carrying the human CYP1A2 and 15,190 bp of 5' flank, expressed only negligible basal or inducible CYP1A2 mRNA. A fifth BAC-transgenic mouse line, carrying both the human CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 genes and ample amounts of 3' flanking sequences, plus all of the spacer region--in the absence of the mouse Cyp1a1 or Cyp1a2 genes--expressed the human CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 mRNA, protein and enzyme activities in liver and nonhepatic tissues very similar to that of the mouse. Comparison of this hCYP1A1_1A2 transgenic line with hCYP1A1_1A2 lines carrying other common human haplotypes will enable us to evaluate function in human CYP1A1_CYP1A2 locus variability, with regard to toxicity and cancer caused by combustion products.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X