X

Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.

X

Login to SciCrunch

X

Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?

NO

NIF LinkOut Portal

FILTERS

Transcriptional repression and heterochromatin formation by MBD1 and MCAF/AM family proteins.

Authors:
Ichimura T, Watanabe S, Sakamoto Y, Aoto T, Fujita N, Nakao M
Affiliation:
Journal:
The Journal of biological chemistry

Abstract

DNA methylation cooperates with methylation at lysine 9 of histone H3 (H3-K9), a modified histone molecule that is targeted by heterochromatin protein 1, to form a transcriptionally silent chromatin. Methyl CpG-binding protein MBD1 recognizes methylated CpG dinucleotide and recruits H3-K9 methyltransferases such as SETDB1 to genomic regions. Here we show that MBD1-containing chromatin-associated factor (MCAF) 1, also known as the human homologue of murine ATFa-associated modulator (AM), is required for transcriptional repression and heterochromatin formation by MBD1, together with the involvement of SETDB1. Moreover, the amino acid sequence of MCAF1 shows similarity to a number of sequences of the MCAF/AM-related proteins, resulting in the identification of a new member of the protein family, termed MCAF2. Immunoprecipitation and in vitro binding analyses reveal that both MCAF proteins interact with MBD1, SETDB1, and Sp1 via two evolutionarily conserved distinct domains. Furthermore, MCAF1 enhances transcriptional repression by MBD1 together with SETDB1, and exogenous expression of MCAF2 partly compensates for the repressive activity in MCAF1 knockdown HeLa cells. The expression of MBD1 mutant, which lacks interaction with MCAF proteins, perturbs heterochromatin protein 1-enriched heterochromatin formation at the MBD1-containing chromosomal loci. These data suggest that MBD1.MCAF1.SETDB1 complex facilitates the formation of heterochromatic domains, emphasizing the role of MCAF/AM family proteins in epigenetic control.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X