NIF LinkOut Portal

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

A SUMO ligase is part of a nuclear multiprotein complex that affects DNA repair and chromosomal organization.

Authors:
Zhao X, Blobel G
Affiliation:
Journal:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Abstract

Through a genetic screen using myosin-like protein strains mlp1Delta mlp2Delta and biochemical purification, we identified a complex of eight proteins, each required for growth and DNA repair in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Among the subunits are Mms21 that contains a putative Siz/PIAS (protein inhibitor of activated signal transducer and activator of transcription) RING domain characteristic of small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) ligases, two structural-maintenance-of-chromosome (Smc) proteins, Smc5 and Smc6, and a protein that contains an ubiquitin ligase signature domain. We show that these proteins colocalized to several distinct nuclear foci. Biochemical and genetic data demonstrated that Mms21 indeed functions as a SUMO ligase and that this activity requires the Siz/PIAS (protein inhibitor of activated signal transducer and activator of transcription) RING domain. The substrates for this SUMO ligase include a subunit of the octameric complex, Smc5, and the DNA repair protein Yku70. We further show that the abolition of the SUMO E3 activity of Mms21 leads to such disparate phenotypes as DNA damage sensitivity, defects in nucleolar integrity and telomere clustering, silencing, and length regulation. We propose that Mms21 sumoylates proteins involved in these diverse processes and that the other members of the complex, particularly Smc5/6, facilitate proper substrate sumoylation by localizing Mms21 to specific chromosomal regions.

GO Links

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X