Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


P-Rex1 is a primary Rac2 guanine nucleotide exchange factor in mouse neutrophils.

Dong X, Mo Z, Bokoch G, Guo C, Li Z, Wu D
Current biology : CB


Leukocyte chemoattractants regulate many leukocyte functions, including leukocyte chemotaxis, via the Rho family of small GTPases that include RhoA, Cdc42, and Rac. Previous work has revealed mechanisms by which chemoattractants regulate RhoA and Cdc42 in mouse neutrophils, but the mechanisms for regulation of Rac remain unclear even though Rac is important for neutrophil functions. Here, we characterized P-Rex1, a Gbetagamma and PIP(3)-regulated guanine nucleotide exchange factor that was initially identified as a Rac activator in response to chemoattractants, for its roles in the regulation of Rac activity and neutrophil functions. We generated a mouse line in which the P-Rex1 gene is disrupted and found that P-Rex1 deficiency did not significantly affect Rac1 activation but diminished Rac2 activation in response to a chemoattractant fMLP in mouse neutrophils. This preference for Rac2 may partially result from the apparent higher affinity of P-Rex1 for Rac2 than for Rac1 because P-Rex1 was more readily immunoprecipitated with Rac2(S17N) than Rac1(S17N). In addition, P-Rex1 deficiency significantly attenuated fMLP-induced F actin formation and superoxide production without affecting LPS- or PMA-induced production. Furthermore, P-Rex1 deficiency caused a chemotactic defect that is primarily attributed to a reduction in the migration rate rather than directionality.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.