Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


IkappaB kinase alpha-mediated derepression of SMRT potentiates acetylation of RelA/p65 by p300.

Hoberg JE, Popko AE, Ramsey CS, Mayo MW
Molecular and cellular biology


Over the last several years, significant progress has been made in identifying chromatin-regulated events that govern NF-kappaB transcription. Using either laminin attachment or tumor necrosis factor alpha as a physiological stimulus of NF-kappaB activation, we demonstrate that IkappaB kinase alpha (IKKalpha) is recruited to chromatin in distinct phases. In the initial phase, IKKalpha is responsible for derepressing the silencing mediator for retinoic acid and thyroid hormone receptor (SMRT)-histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) corepressor complex from the p50 homodimer. However, in the latter phase, chromatin-bound IKKalpha coordinates the simultaneous phosphorylation of RelA/p65(S536) and SMRT(S2410) as detected by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays. Although phosphorylated SMRT remains bound to the active p50-RelA/p65 heterodimer of NF-kappaB, derepression of SMRT is evidenced by the loss of chromatin-associated HDAC3 activity. ChIP and re-ChIP analysis demonstrates that phosphorylation of RelA/p65(S536) and SMRT(S2410) occurs prior to acetylation of RelA/p65 at K310. Moreover, IKKalpha-induced phosphorylation of RelA/p65(S536) displaces corepressor activity, allowing p300-mediated acetylation of RelA/p65. Introduction of nonphosphorylatable mutants of RelA/p65 and SMRT proteins or the inhibition of IKK activity results in active repression of NF-kappaB promoters by tethering the SMRT-HDAC3 complex. Similar to phosphorylation within the Rel homology domain of RelA/p65, which governs an exchange of HDAC1 for CBP/p300 acetyltransferases, we demonstrate that phosphorylation within the transactivation domain of RelA/p65(S536) displaces SMRT-HDAC3 repressor activity, allowing p300 to acetylate RelA/p65.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.