NIF LinkOut Portal

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

Tumor cell lines expressing the proteasome subunit isoform LMP7E1 exhibit immunoproteasome deficiency.

Authors:
Heink S, Fricke B, Ludwig D, Kloetzel PM, Krüger E
Affiliation:
Journal:
Cancer research

Abstract

The immune system can recognize antigenic peptides derived from tumors by their presentation on MHC class I complexes to CTLs. Immunoproteasomes (i20S) can substantially enhance the MHC class I peptide repertoire, making down-regulation of i20S an important strategy of tumor cells in manipulating immune surveillance. Here, we report that human cancer cells express the nonfunctional immunosubunit-variant LMP7E1, in addition to, or instead of LMP7E2, in response to IFN-gamma. This preferential expression of LMP7E1 and the consequent down-regulation of LMP7E2 results in i20S deficiency. The molecular explanation for this phenomenon is the incapacity of LMP7E1 to interact efficiently with the proteasome maturation protein, which regularly recruits LMP7E2 into nascent i20S precursor complexes. In contrast to previous reports, i20S formation in these cancer cells cannot be restored by IFN-gamma treatment. However, expression of LMP7E2 in these cells restores the i20S-deficient phenotype. Thus, our data describe a novel mechanism that contributes to the process of oncogenesis.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X