NIF LinkOut Portal

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

Hereditary lactate dehydrogenase A-subunit deficiency as cause of early postimplantation death of homozygotes in Mus musculus.

Authors:
Merkle S, Favor J, Graw J, Hornhardt S, Pretsch W
Affiliation:
Journal:
Genetics

Abstract

Two ethylnitrosourea-induced heterozygous mouse mutants with approximately 58 and 50% of wild-type lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity and a gamma-ray-induced heterozygous mutant with 50% of wild-type LDH activity in blood, liver and spleen (expressing predominantly the Ldh-1 gene) were recovered in mutagenicity experiments following spermatogonial treatment. Physiological and genetic studies revealed no indications for differences in fertility as well as hematological or other physiological traits between heterozygotes of each mutant line and wild types. This suggests that neither the mutations in the heterozygous state per se nor the resulting approximate 42 to 50% LDH deficiency affect metabolism and fitness. Physicochemical and immunological studies clearly demonstrated that the two mutations with 50% deficiency in heterozygotes result from null alleles of the Ldh-1 structural locus, generating neither enzyme activity nor immunological cross-reacting material. In contrast, the heterozygous mutant with approximately 58% of normal blood LDH activity was shown to be due to a Ldh-1 allele creating protein subunits, which in random assortment with wild-type subunits in vivo exhibit a reduced specific activity and further alterations of kinetic and physicochemical characteristics. All the mutations in the homozygous state were found to be lethal at an early postimplantation stage of embryonic development, probably due to a block of glycolysis with the corresponding loss of the main source of metabolic energy during this ontogenetic stage. The distinct physiological consequences of the total absence of a functioning LDH-A subunit in mice and humans are discussed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X