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Gob-5 contributes to goblet cell hyperplasia and modulates pulmonary tissue inflammation.

Long AJ, Sypek JP, Askew R, Fish SC, Mason LE, Williams CM, Goldman SJ
American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology


Gob-5 is a member of the calcium-activated chloride channel family and has been associated with allergic response in mouse models of pulmonary inflammation. Gene expression of Gob-5 has been shown to be induced in allergic airways and has been strongly associated with mucin gene regulation and goblet cell hyperplasia. We investigated the physiologic role of Gob-5 in murine models of pulmonary inflammation using mice deficient in Gob-5. After sensitization and aerosol challenge with ovalbumin (OVA), Gob-5 knockout mice exhibit significantly increased bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) inflammation as compared with wild-type controls. The augmented inflammation in BAL consisted predominantly of neutrophils. Examination of perivascular inflammation revealed that tissue inflammation was decreased in OVA-challenged Gob-5-/- mice. OVA-challenged Gob-5 knockout mice also had decreased goblet cell hyperplasia as well as decreased mucus production. These mice also had decreased airway hypersensitivity after cholinergic provocation with methacholine. Gob-5 knockout mice were also challenged via intranasal LPS, a TLR-4 agonist. Gob-5-/- mice responded with increased neutrophilic BAL inflammation and decreased perivascular tissue inflammation as compared with wild-type controls. There was little effect on goblet cell hyperplasia and mucus production after LPS challenge. These observations reinforce findings that associate Gob-5 with goblet cell hyperplasia and mucus production in the allergic immune response, but also implicate Gob-5 in the regulation of tissue inflammation in the innate immune response.

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