Neuroscience Information Framework

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

Variation at the rat Crhr1 locus and sensitivity to relapse into alcohol seeking induced by environmental stress.

Authors:
Hansson AC, Cippitelli A, Sommer WH, Fedeli A, Björk K, Soverchia L, Terasmaa A, Massi M, Heilig M, Ciccocioppo R
Affiliation:
Journal:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Abstract

Alcoholism is a chronic relapsing disorder with substantial heritability. Uncovering gene-environment interactions underlying this disease process can aid identification of novel treatment targets. Here, we found a lowered threshold for stress-induced reinstatement of alcohol seeking in Marchigian-Sardinian Preferring (msP) rats genetically selected for high alcohol preference. In situ hybridization for a panel of 20 stress-related genes in 16 brain regions was used to screen for differential gene expression that may underlie this behavioral phenotype. An innate up-regulation of the Crhr1 transcript, encoding the corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 1 (CRH-R1), was found in several limbic brain areas of msP rats genetically selected for high alcohol preference, was associated with genetic polymorphism of the Crhr1 promoter, and was accompanied by increased CRH-R1 density. A selective CRH-R1 antagonist (antalarmin, 10-20 mg/kg) was devoid of effects on operant alcohol self-administration in unselected Wistar rats but significantly suppressed this behavior in the msP line. Stress-induced reinstatement of alcohol seeking was not significantly affected by antalarmin in Wistar rats but was fully blocked in msP animals. These data demonstrate that Crhr1 genotype and expression interact with environmental stress to reinstate alcohol-seeking behavior.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X