X

Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.

X

Login to SciCrunch

X

Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?

NO

NIF LinkOut Portal

FILTERS

Acute postnatal ablation of Hif-2alpha results in anemia.

Authors:
Gruber M, Hu CJ, Johnson RS, Brown EJ, Keith B, Simon MC
Affiliation:
Journal:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Abstract

Adaptive transcriptional responses to oxygen deprivation (hypoxia) are mediated by the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), heterodimeric transcription factors composed of two basic helix-loop-helix-PAS family proteins. The transcriptional activity of HIF is determined by the hypoxic stabilization of the HIF-alpha proteins. HIF-1alpha and HIF-2alpha exhibit high sequence homology but have different mRNA expression patterns; HIF-1alpha is expressed ubiquitously whereas HIF-2alpha expression is more restricted to certain tissues, e.g., the endothelium, lung, brain, and neural crest derivatives. Germ-line deletion of either HIF subunit is embryonic lethal with unique features suggesting important roles for both HIF-alpha isoforms. Global deletion of Hif-2alpha results in distinct phenotypes depending on the mouse strain used for the mutation, clearly demonstrating an important role for HIF-2alpha in mouse development. The function of HIF-2alpha in adult life, however, remains incompletely understood. In this study, we describe the generation of a conditional murine Hif-2alpha allele and the effect of its acute postnatal ablation. Under very stringent conditions, we ablate Hif-2alpha after birth and compare the effect of acute global deletion of Hif-2alpha and Hif-1alpha. Our results demonstrate that HIF-2alpha plays a critical role in adult erythropoiesis, with acute deletion leading to anemia. Furthermore, although HIF-1alpha was first purified and cloned based on its affinity for the human erythropoietin (EPO) 3' enhancer hypoxia response element (HRE) and regulates Epo expression during mouse embryogenesis, HIF-2alpha is the critical alpha isoform regulating Epo under physiologic and stress conditions in adults.

GO Links

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X