Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Functional cooperation between HP1 and DNMT1 mediates gene silencing.

Smallwood A, Estève PO, Pradhan S, Carey M
Genes & development


Mammalian euchromatic gene silencing results from the combined repressive effects of histone and DNA methyltransferases. Little is known of the mechanism by which these enzymes cooperate to induce silencing. Here we show that mammalian HP1 family members mediate communication between histone and DNA methyltransferases. In vitro, methylation of histone 3 Lys 9 by G9a creates a binding platform for HP1alpha, beta, and gamma. DNMT1 interacts with HP1 resulting in increased DNA methylation on DNA and chromatin templates in vitro. The functional and physical interaction can be recapitulated in vivo. Binding of GAL4-HP1 to a reporter construct is sufficient to induce repression and DNA methylation in DNMT1 wild-type but not DNMT1-null cells. Additionally, silencing of the Survivin gene coincides with recruitment of G9a and HP1 in DNMT1 wild-type but not null cells. We conclude that direct interactions between HP1 and DNMT1 mediate silencing of euchromatic genes.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.