NIF LinkOut Portal

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

Lentiviral Vpr usurps Cul4-DDB1[VprBP] E3 ubiquitin ligase to modulate cell cycle.

Authors:
Hrecka K, Gierszewska M, Srivastava S, Kozaczkiewicz L, Swanson SK, Florens L, Washburn MP, Skowronski J
Affiliation:
Journal:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Abstract

The replication of viruses depends on the cell cycle status of the infected cells. Viruses have evolved functions that alleviate restrictions imposed on their replication by the host. Vpr, an accessory factor of primate lentiviruses, arrests cells at the DNA damage checkpoint in G2 phase of the cell cycle, but the mechanism underlying this effect has remained elusive. Here we report that Vpr proteins of both the human (HIV-1) and the distantly related simian (SIVmac) immunodeficiency viruses specifically associate with a protein complex comprising subunits of E3 ubiquitin ligase assembled on Cullin-4 scaffold (Cul4-DDB1[VprBP]). We show that Vpr binding to Cul4-DDB1[VprBP] leads to increased neddylation and elevated intrinsic ubiquitin ligase activity of this E3. This effect is mediated through the VprBP subunit of the complex, which recently has been suggested to function as a substrate receptor for Cul4. We also demonstrate that VprBP regulates G1 phase and is essential for the completion of DNA replication in S phase. Furthermore, the ability of Vpr to arrest cells in G2 phase correlates with its ability to interact with Cul4-DDB1[VprBP] E3 complex. Our studies identify the Cul4-DDB1[VprBP] E3 ubiquitin ligase complex as the downstream effector of lentiviral Vpr for the induction of cell cycle arrest in G2 phase and suggest that Vpr may use this complex to perturb other aspects of the cell cycle and DNA metabolism in infected cells.

BioGRID Links

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X