X

Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.

X

Login to SciCrunch

X

Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?

NO

NIF LinkOut Portal

FILTERS

The cullin 4B-based UV-damaged DNA-binding protein ligase binds to UV-damaged chromatin and ubiquitinates histone H2A.

Authors:
Guerrero-Santoro J, Kapetanaki MG, Hsieh CL, Gorbachinsky I, Levine AS, Rapić-Otrin V
Affiliation:
Journal:
Cancer research

Abstract

By removing UV-induced lesions from DNA, the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway preserves the integrity of the genome. The UV-damaged DNA-binding (UV-DDB) protein complex is involved in the recognition of chromatin-embedded UV-damaged DNA, which is the least understood step of NER. UV-DDB consists of DDB1 and DDB2, and it is a component of the cullin 4A (CUL4A)-based ubiquitin ligase, DDB1-CUL4A(DDB2). We previously showed that DDB1-CUL4A(DDB2) ubiquitinates histone H2A at the sites of UV lesions in a DDB2-dependent manner. Mutations in DDB2 cause a cancer prone syndrome, xeroderma pigmentosum group E (XP-E). CUL4A and its paralog, cullin 4B (CUL4B), copurify with the UV-DDB complex, but it is unclear whether CUL4B has a role in NER as a separate E3 ubiquitin ligase. Here, we present evidence that CUL4A and CUL4B form two individual E3 ligases, DDB1-CUL4A(DDB2) and DDB1-CUL4B(DDB2). To investigate CUL4B's possible role in NER, we examined its subcellular localization in unirradiated and irradiated cells. CUL4B colocalizes with DDB2 at UV-damaged DNA sites. Furthermore, CUL4B binds to UV-damaged chromatin as a part of the DDB1-CUL4B(DDB2) E3 ligase in the presence of functional DDB2. In contrast to CUL4A, CUL4B is localized in the nucleus and facilitates the transfer of DDB1 into the nucleus independently of DDB2. Importantly, DDB1-CUL4B(DDB2) is more efficient than DDB1-CUL4A(DDB2) in monoubiquitinating histone H2A in vitro. Overall, this study suggests that DDB1-CUL4B(DDB2) E3 ligase may have a distinctive function in modifying the chromatin structure at the site of UV lesions to promote efficient NER.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X