Neuroscience Information Framework

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

Dynamic regulation of Pdx1 enhancers by Foxa1 and Foxa2 is essential for pancreas development.

Authors:
Gao N, LeLay J, Vatamaniuk MZ, Rieck S, Friedman JR, Kaestner KH
Affiliation:
Journal:
Genes & development

Abstract

The onset of pancreas development in the foregut endoderm is marked by activation of the homeobox gene Pdx1 (IPF1). Pdx1 is essential for the expansion of the pancreatic primordium and the development of endocrine islets. The control of Pdx1 expression has been only partially elucidated. We demonstrate here that the winged-helix transcription factors Foxa1 and Foxa2 co-occupy multiple regulatory domains in the Pdx1 gene. Compound conditional ablation of both Foxa1 and Foxa2 in the pancreatic primordium results in complete loss of Pdx1 expression and severe pancreatic hypoplasia. Mutant mice exhibit hyperglycemia with severely disrupted acinar and islet development, and die shortly after birth. Assessment of developmental markers in the mutant pancreas revealed a failure in the expansion of the pancreatic anlage, a blockage of exocrine and endocrine cell differentiation, and an arrest at the primitive duct stage. Comparing their relative developmental activity, we find that Foxa2 is the major regulator in promoting pancreas development and cell differentiation. Using chromatin immunoprecipitations (ChIP) and ChIP sequencing (ChIPSeq) of fetal pancreas and islet chromatin, we demonstrate that Foxa1 and Foxa2 predominantly occupy a distal enhancer at -6.4 kb relative to the transcriptional start site in the Pdx1 gene. In addition, occupancy of the well-characterized proximal Pdx1 enhancer by Foxa1 and Foxa2 is developmental stage-dependent. Thus, the regulation of Pdx1 expression by Foxa1 and Foxa2 is a key early event controlling the expansion and differentiation of the pancreatic primordia.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X