Neuroscience Information Framework

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

Weight change and functional limitations among older adults in North Carolina.

Authors:
Carson AP, Holmes DN, Howard DL
Affiliation:
Journal:
Journal of community health

Abstract

There is emerging evidence that weight change during older adulthood is associated with decreased physical function; however, less is known about the association between weight change during middle to older adulthood and physical function. This study assessed the association of weight change between middle and older adulthood and functional limitations among 2,531 older African-American and white participants, ages 65 and older at baseline (1987), from the Piedmont Health Survey of the Elderly. Weight gainers had ≥8% increase in weight, weight losers had >8% decrease in weight, and weight maintainers had <8% increase or decrease between age 50 and baseline. Functional limitations were categorized as none (0), mild (1-3), or severe (4 or more) using items from the activities of daily living scale by Katz and the extremity function scale by Nagi. Modified Poisson regression was used to assess these associations in crude and adjusted analyses. Weight gain and weight loss between age 50 and baseline were associated with severe functional limitations (prevalence ratio (PR) = 1.19, 95% CI: 1.04, 1.36 and PR = 1.58, 95% CI: 1.41, 1.78, respectively) compared to weight maintainers after adjustment for age, race, and gender. These associations were attenuated after additional adjustment for health characteristics, while weaker associations were noted for mild functional limitations. In summary, weight gain and weight loss between middle and older adulthood were associated with severe functional limitations among older adults in North Carolina. Additional research is needed to explore weight change across the life course and its possible effects on physical function later in life.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X