NIF LinkOut Portal

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

Olfactomedin 4 down-regulates innate immunity against Helicobacter pylori infection.

Authors:
Liu W, Yan M, Liu Y, Wang R, Li C, Deng C, Singh A, Coleman WG, Rodgers GP
Affiliation:
Journal:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Abstract

Olfactomedin 4 (OLFM4) is a glycoprotein that has been found to be up-regulated in inflammatory bowel diseases and Helicobacter pylori infected patients. However, its role in biological processes such as inflammation or other immune response is not known. In this study, we generated OLFM4 KO mice to investigate potential role(s) of OLFM4 in gastric mucosal responses to H. pylori infection. H. pylori colonization in the gastric mucosa of OLFM4 KO mice was significantly lower compared with WT littermates. The reduced bacterial load was associated with enhanced infiltration of inflammatory cells in gastric mucosa. Production and expression of proinflammatory cytokines/chemokines such as IL-1beta, IL-5, IL-12 p70, and MIP-1alpha was increased in OLFM4 KO mice compared with infected controls. Furthermore, we found that OLFM4 is a target gene of NF--kappaB pathway and has a negative feedback effect on NF-kappaB activation induced by H. pylori infection through a direct association with nucleotide oligomerization domain-1 (NOD1) and -2 (NOD2). Together these observations indicate that OLFM4 exerts considerable influence on the host defense against H. pylori infection acting through NOD1 and NOD2 mediated NF-kappaB activation and subsequent cytokines and chemokines production, which in turn inhibit host immune response and contribute to persistence of H. pylori colonization.

GO Links

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X