Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


InterPro protein classification.

McDowall J, Hunter S
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)


Improvements in nucleotide sequencing technology have resulted in an ever increasing number of nucleotide and protein sequences being deposited in databases. Unfortunately, the ability to manually classify and annotate these sequences cannot keep pace with their rapid generation, resulting in an increased bias toward unannotated sequence. Automatic annotation tools can help redress the balance. There are a number of different groups working to produce protein signatures that describe protein families, functional domains or conserved sites within related groups of proteins. Protein signature databases include CATH-Gene3D, HAMAP, PANTHER, Pfam, PIRSF, PRINTS, ProDom, PROSITE, SMART, SUPERFAMILY, and TIGRFAMs. Their approaches range from characterising small conserved motifs that can identify members of a family or subfamily, to the use of hidden Markov models that describe the conservation of residues over entire domains or whole proteins. To increase their value as protein classification tools, protein signatures from these 11 databases have been combined into one, powerful annotation tool: the InterPro database (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro/) (Hunter et al., Nucleic Acids Res 37:D211-D215, 2009). InterPro is an open-source protein resource used for the automatic annotation of proteins, and is scalable to the analysis of entire new genomes through the use of a downloadable version of InterProScan, which can be incorporated into an existing local pipeline. InterPro provides structural information from PDB (Kouranov et al., Nucleic Acids Res 34:D302-D305, 2006), its classification in CATH (Cuff et al., Nucleic Acids Res 37:D310-D314, 2009) and SCOP (Andreeva et al., Nucleic Acids Res 36:D419-D425, 2008), as well as homology models from ModBase (Pieper et al., Nucleic Acids Res 37:D347-D354, 2009) and SwissModel (Kiefer et al., Nucleic Acids Res 37:D387-D392, 2009), allowing a direct comparison of the protein signatures with the available structural information. This chapter reviews the signature methods found in the InterPro database, and provides an overview of the InterPro resource itself.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.