Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


A domain of the actin binding protein Abp140 is the yeast methyltransferase responsible for 3-methylcytidine modification in the tRNA anti-codon loop.

D'Silva S, Haider SJ, Phizicky EM
RNA (New York, N.Y.)


The 3-methylcytidine (m³C) modification is widely found in eukaryotic species of tRNA(Ser), tRNA(Thr), and tRNA(Arg); at residue 32 in the anti-codon loop; and at residue e2 in the variable stem of tRNA(Ser). Little is known about the function of this modification or about the specificity of the corresponding methyltransferase, since the gene has not been identified. We have used a primer extension assay to screen a battery of methyltransferase candidate knockout strains in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and find that tRNA(Thr(IGU)) from abp140-Δ strains lacks m³C. Curiously, Abp140p is composed of a poorly conserved N-terminal ORF fused by a programed +1 frameshift in budding yeasts to a C-terminal ORF containing an S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) domain that is highly conserved among eukaryotes. We show that ABP140 is required for m³C modification of substrate tRNAs, since primer extension is similarly affected for all tRNA species expected to have m³C and since quantitative analysis shows explicitly that tRNA(Thr(IGU)) from an abp140-Δ strain lacks m³C. We also show that Abp140p (now named Trm140p) purified after expression in yeast or Escherichia coli has m³C methyltransferase activity, which is specific for tRNA(Thr(IGU)) and not tRNA(Phe) and occurs specifically at C₃₂. We suggest that the C-terminal ORF of Trm140p is necessary and sufficient for activity in vivo and in vitro, based on analysis of constructs deleted for most or all of the N-terminal ORF. We also suggest that m³C has a role in translation, since trm140-Δ trm1-Δ strains (also lacking m²,²G₂₆) are sensitive to low concentrations of cycloheximide.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.