Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Distinguishing hyperglycemic changes by Set7 in vascular endothelial cells.

Okabe J, Orlowski C, Balcerczyk A, Tikellis C, Thomas MC, Cooper ME, El-Osta A
Circulation research


RATIONALE: Epigenetic changes are implicated in the persisting vascular effects of hyperglycemia. The precise mechanism whereby chromatin structure and subsequent gene expression are regulated by glucose in vascular endothelial cells remain to be fully defined. OBJECTIVE: We have studied the molecular and functional mechanism whereby the Set7 methyltransferase associates with chromatin formation and histone methylation in vascular cells in response to current and previous exposure to glucose. METHODS AND RESULTS: To characterize the molecular and functional identity of the Set7 protein, we used vascular cells overexpressing or lacking Set7. Chromatin fractionation for mono-methylation of lysine 4 on histone H3 identified methyltransferase activity. Immunofluorescence experiments strongly suggest that Set7 protein accumulates in the nucleus in response to hyperglycemia. Moreover, activation of proinflammatory genes by high glucose is dependent on Set7 but distinguished by H3K4m1 gene patterns. We show that transient hyperglycemia regulates the expression of proinflammatory genes in vascular endothelial cells in vitro and the persistent increase in glucose-induced gene expression in the aorta of nondiabetic mice. CONCLUSIONS: This study uncovers that the response to hyperglycemia in vascular endothelial cells involves the H3K4 methyltransferase, Set7. This enzyme appears to regulate glucose-induced chromatin changes and gene expression not only by H3K4m1-dependent but also H3K4m1-independent pathways. Furthermore, Set7 appears to be responsible for sustained vascular gene expression in response to prior hyperglycemia and is a potential molecular mechanism for the phenomenon of hyperglycemic memory.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.