Neuroscience Information Framework

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

A 2.1-Å-resolution crystal structure of unliganded CRM1 reveals the mechanism of autoinhibition.

Authors:
Saito N, Matsuura Y
Affiliation:
Journal:
Journal of molecular biology

Abstract

CRM1 mediates nuclear export of numerous proteins and ribonucleoproteins containing a leucine-rich nuclear export signal (NES). Binding of RanGTP to CRM1 in the nucleus stabilizes cargo association with CRM1, and vice versa, but the mechanism underlying the positive cooperativity in RanGTP and NES binding to CRM1 remains incompletely understood. Herein we report a 2.1-Å-resolution crystal structure of unliganded Saccharomyces cerevisiae CRM1 (Xpo1p) that demonstrates that an internal loop of CRM1 (referred to as HEAT9 loop) is primarily responsible for maintaining the NES-binding cleft in a closed conformation, rendering CRM1 incapable of NES binding in the absence of RanGTP. The structure also shows that the C-terminal tail of CRM1 stabilizes the autoinhibitory conformation of the HEAT9 loop and thereby reinforces autoinhibition. Comparison with the structures of CRM1-NES-RanGTP complexes reveals how binding of RanGTP is associated with a series of allosteric conformational changes in CRM1 that lead to opening of the NES-binding cleft, allowing for stable binding of NES cargoes.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X