Neuroscience Information Framework

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

An early onset progressive motor neuron disorder in Scyl1-deficient mice is associated with mislocalization of TDP-43.

Authors:
Pelletier S, Gingras S, Howell S, Vogel P, Ihle JN
Affiliation:
Journal:
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience

Abstract

The molecular and cellular bases of motor neuron diseases (MNDs) are still poorly understood. The diseases are mostly sporadic, with ~10% of cases being familial. In most cases of familial motor neuronopathy, the disease is caused by either gain-of-adverse-effect mutations or partial loss-of-function mutations in ubiquitously expressed genes that serve essential cellular functions. Here we show that deletion of Scyl1, an evolutionarily conserved and ubiquitously expressed gene encoding the COPI-associated protein pseudokinase SCYL1, causes an early onset progressive MND with characteristic features of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Skeletal muscles of Scyl1(-/-) mice displayed neurogenic atrophy, fiber type switching, and disuse atrophy. Peripheral nerves showed axonal degeneration. Loss of lower motor neurons (LMNs) and large-caliber axons was conspicuous in Scyl1(-/-) animals. Signs of neuroinflammation were seen throughout the CNS, most notably in the ventral horn of the spinal cord. Neural-specific, but not skeletal muscle-specific, deletion of Scyl1 was sufficient to cause motor dysfunction, indicating that SCYL1 acts in a neural cell-autonomous manner to prevent LMN degeneration and motor functions. Remarkably, deletion of Scyl1 resulted in the mislocalization and accumulation of TDP-43 (TAR DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa) and ubiquilin 2 into cytoplasmic inclusions within LMNs, features characteristic of most familial and sporadic forms of ALS. Together, our results identify SCYL1 as a key regulator of motor neuron survival, and Scyl1(-/-) mice share pathological features with many human neurodegenerative conditions.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X