Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Mice lacking cyclin D1 are small and show defects in eye and mammary gland development.

Fantl V, Stamp G, Andrews A, Rosewell I, Dickson C
Genes & development


Using homologous recombination, mice lacking cyclin D1 were generated by replacing most of the first exon of the Cyl-1 gene with sequences encoding neomycin resistance. Cyl-1(-1-) mice were viable and fertile but consistently smaller than their heterozygous or wild-type littermates. The nullizygous animals also showed two distinctive abnormalities: a severe retinopathy caused by impaired development of all layers of the retina and, in the mammary gland during pregnancy, a marked reduction in acinar development accompanied by a failure to lactate. Approximately 50% of animals also had a malformation of the jaw that manifested itself as a misalignment of the incisor teeth. Mouse embryo fibroblasts isolated from 14 day nullizygous, heterozygous, or wild-type embryos and grown under standard conditions showed similar cell-cycle and growth characteristics. Thus although cyclin D1 kinase activity may facilitate G1 progression, it is not essential for the development of most tissues and organs, and only a few specialized cell lineages are demonstrably sensitive to its absence.

MGI Links

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.