Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Arrested development of embryonic red cell precursors in mouse embryos lacking transcription factor GATA-1.

Fujiwara Y, Browne CP, Cunniff K, Goff SC, Orkin SH
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America


The X chromosome-linked transcription factor GATA-1 is expressed specifically in erythroid, mast, megakaryocyte, and eosinophil lineages, as well as in hematopoietic progenitors. Prior studies revealed that gene-disrupted GATA-1- embryonic stem cells give rise to adult (or definitive) erythroid precursors arrested at the proerythroblast stage in vitro and fail to contribute to adult red blood cells in chimeric mice but did not clarify a role in embryonic (or yolk sac derived) erythroid cells. To examine the consequences of GATA-1 loss on embryonic erythropoiesis in vivo, we inactivated the GATA-1 locus in embryonic stem cells by gene targeting and transmitted the mutated allele through the mouse germ line. Male GATA-1- embryos die between embryonic day 10.5 and 11.5 (E10.5-E11.5) of gestation. At E9.5, GATA-1- embryos exhibit extreme pallor yet contain embryonic erythroid cells arrested at an early proerythroblast-like stage of their development. Embryos stain weakly with benzidine reagent, and yolk sac cells express globin RNAs, indicating globin gene activation in the absence of GATA-1. Female heterozygotes (GATA-1+/-) are born pale due to random inactivation of the X chromosome bearing the normal allele. However, these mice recover during the neonatal period, presumably as a result of in vivo selection for progenitors able to express GATA-1. Our findings conclusively establish the essential role for GATA-1 in erythropoiesis within the context of the intact developing mouse and further demonstrate that the block to cellular maturation is similar in GATA-1- embryonic and definitive erythroid precursors. Moreover, the recovery of GATA-1+/- mice from anemia seen at birth provides evidence indicating a role for GATA-1 at the hematopoietic progenitor cell level.

MGI Links

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.