Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Brain spectrin binding to the NMDA receptor is regulated by phosphorylation, calcium and calmodulin.

Wechsler A, Teichberg VI
The EMBO journal


The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) and brain spectrin, a protein that links membrane proteins to the actin cytoskeleton, are major components of post-synaptic densities (PSDs). Since the activity of the NMDA-R channel is dependent on the integrity of actin and leads to calpain-mediated spectrin breakdown, we have investigated whether the actin-binding spectrin may interact directly with NMDA-Rs. Spectrin is reported here to interact selectively in vitro with the C-terminal cytoplasmic domains of the NR1a, NR2A and NR2B subunits of the NMDA-R but not with that of the AMPA receptor GluR1. Spectrin binds at NR2B sites distinct from those of alpha-actinin-2 and members of the PSD95/SAP90 family. The spectrin-NR2B interactions are antagonized by Ca2+ and fyn-mediated NR2B phosphorylation, but not by Ca2+/calmodulin (CaM) or by Ca2+/CaM-dependent protein kinase II-mediated NR2B phosphorylation. The spectrin-NR1 interactions are unaffected by Ca2+ but inhibited by CaM and by protein kinase A- and C-mediated phosphorylations of NR1. Finally, in rat synaptosomes, both spectrin and NR2B are loosened from membranes upon addition of physiological concentrations of calcium ions. The highly regulated linkage of the NMDA-R to spectrin may underlie the morphological changes that occur in neuronal dendrites concurrently with synaptic activity and plasticity.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.