Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Proteasome-mediated degradation of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and a putative role for SUG1 interaction with the AF-2 domain of VDR.

Masuyama H, MacDonald PN
Journal of cellular biochemistry


The AF-2 helix of nuclear receptors is essential for ligand-activated transcription, and it may function to couple the receptor to transcriptional coactivator proteins. This domain also contacts components of the proteasome machinery, suggesting that nuclear receptors may be targets for proteasome-mediated proteolysis. In the present study, we demonstrate that mSUG1 (P45), a component of the 26S proteasome, interacts in a 1,25-(OH)2D3-dependent manner with the AF-2 domain of the vitamin D receptor (VDR). Furthermore, treatment of ROS 17/2.8 osteosarcoma cells with the proteasome inhibitors MG132 or beta-lactone increased steady-state levels of the VDR protein. In the presence cycloheximide (10 microg/ml), the liganded VDR protein was degraded with a half-life of approximately 8 h, and this rate of degradation was completely blocked by 0.05 mM MG132. The role of SUG1 -VDR interaction in this process was investigated in transient expression studies. Overexpression of wild-type mSUG1 in ROS17/2.8 cells generated a novel proteolytic VDR fragment of approximately 50 kDa, and its production was blocked by proteasome inhibitors or by a nonhydrolyzable ATP analog. Parallel studies with SUG1 (K196H), a mutant that does not interact with the VDR, did not produce the 50 kDa VDR fragment. Functionally, expression of SUG1 in a VDR-responsive reporter gene assay resulted in a profound inhibition of 1,25-(OH)2D3-activated transcription, while expression of SUG1 (K196H) had no significant effect in this system. These data show that the AF-2 domain of VDR interacts with SUG1 in a 1,25-(OH)2D3-dependent fashion and that this interaction may target VDR to proteasome-mediated degradation as a means to downregulate the 1,25-(OH)2D3-activated transcriptional response.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.