Forgot your Password

If you have forgotten your password, please enter your account email below and we will reset your password and email you the new password.


Login to SciCrunch


Register an Account

Delete Saved Search

Are you sure you want to delete this saved search?


NIF LinkOut Portal


Macromolecular assemblage of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases: identification of protein-protein interactions and characterization of a core protein.

Quevillon S, Robinson JC, Berthonneau E, Siatecka M, Mirande M
Journal of molecular biology


In eukaryotes, from fly to human, nine aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases contribute a multienzyme complex of defined and conserved structural organization. This ubiquitous multiprotein assemblage comprises a unique bifunctional aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, glutamyl-prolyl-tRNA synthetase, as well as the monospecific isoleucyl, leucyl, glutaminyl, methionyl, lysyl, arginyl, and aspartyl-tRNA synthetases. Three auxiliary proteins of apparent molecular masses of 18, 38 and 43 kDa are invariably associated with the nine tRNA synthetase components of the complex. As part of an inquiry into the molecular and functional organization of this macromolecular assembly, we isolated the cDNA encoding the p38 non-synthetase component and determined its function. The 320 amino acid residue encoded protein has been shown to have no homolog in yeast, bacteria and archaea, according to the examination of the complete genomic sequences available. The p38 protein is a moderately hydrophobic protein, displays a putative leucine-zipper motif, and shares a sequence pattern with protein domains that are involved in protein-protein interactions. We used the yeast two-hybrid system to register protein connections between components of the complex. We performed an exhaustive search of interactive proteins, involving 10 of the 11 components of the complex. Twenty-one protein pairs have been unambiguously identified, leading to a global view of the topological arrangement of the subunits of the multisynthetase complex. In particular, p38 was found to associate with itself to form a dimer, but also with p43, with the class I tRNA synthetases ArgRS and GlnRS, with the class II synthetases AspRS and LysRS, and with the bifunctional GluProRS. We generated a series of deletion mutants to localize the regions of p38 mediating the identified interactions. Mapping the interactive domains in p38 showed the specific association of p38 with its different protein partners. These findings suggest that p38, for which no homologous protein has been identified to date in organisms devoid of multisynthetase complexes, plays a pivotal role for the assembly of the subunits of the eukaryotic tRNA synthetase complex.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.