NIF LinkOut Portal

Options
Only Pubmed Central
Include Pubmed Central
Sections
Title
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Supplement
Appendix
Contributions
Background
Commentary
Funding
Limitations
Caption
FILTERS

Interaction of the putative androgen receptor-specific coactivator ARA70/ELE1alpha with multiple steroid receptors and identification of an internally deleted ELE1beta isoform.

Authors:
Alen P, Claessens F, Schoenmakers E, Swinnen JV, Verhoeven G, Rombauts W, Peeters B
Affiliation:
Journal:
Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.)

Abstract

Steroid-regulated gene transcription requires the coordinate physical and functional interaction of hormone receptors, basal transcription factors, and transcriptional coactivators. In this context ARA70, previously called RFG and ELE1, has been described as a putative coactivator that specifically enhances the activity of the androgen receptor (AR) but not that of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), the progesterone receptor, or the estrogen receptor (ER). Here we describe the cloning of the cDNA for ELE1/ARA70 by RT-PCR from RNA derived from different cell lines (HeLa, DU-145, and LNCaP). In accordance with the previously described sequence, we obtained a 1845-bp PCR product for the HeLa and the LNCaP RNA. Starting from T-47D RNA, however, an 860-bp PCR product was obtained. This shorter variant results from an internal 985-bp deletion and is called ELE1beta; accordingly, the longer isoform is referred to as ELE1alpha. The deduced amino acid sequence of ELE1alpha, but not that of ELE1beta, differs at specific positions from the one previously published by others, suggesting that these two proteins are encoded by different nonallelic genes. ELE1alpha is expressed in the three prostate-derived cell lines examined (PC-3, DU-145, and LNCaP), and this expression is not altered by androgen treatment. Of all rat tissues examined, ELE1alpha expression is highest in the testis. This is also the only tissue in which we could demonstrate ELE1beta expression. Both ELE1alpha and ELE1beta interact in vitro with the AR, but also with the GR and the ER, in a ligand-independent way. Overexpression of either ELE1 isoform in DU-145, HeLa, or COS cells had only minor effects on the transcriptional activity of the human AR. ELE1alpha has no intrinsic transcription activation domain or histone acetyltransferase activity, but it does interact with another histone acetyltransferase, p/CAF, and the basal transcription factor TFIIB. The interaction with the AR occurs through the ligand-binding domain and involves the region corresponding to the predicted helix 3. Mutation in this domain of leucine 712 to arginine greatly reduces the affinity of the AR for ELE1alpha but has only moderate effects on its transcriptional activity. Taken together, we have identified two isoforms of the putative coactivator ARA70/ELE1 that may act as a bridging factor between steroid receptors and components of the transcription initiation complex but which lack some fundamental properties of a classic nuclear receptor coactivator. Further experiments will be required to highlight the in vivo role of ELE1 in nuclear receptor functioning.

  1. Welcome

    Welcome to NIF. Explore available research resources: data, tools and materials, from across the web

  2. Community Resources

    Search for resources specially selected for NIF community

  3. More Resources

    Search across hundreds of additional biomedical databases

  4. Literature

    Search Pub Med abstracts and full text from PubMed Central

  5. Insert your Query

    Enter your search terms here and hit return. Search results for the selected tab will be returned.

  6. Join the Community

    Click here to login or register and join this community.

  7. Categories

    Narrow your search by selecting a category. For additional help in searching, view our tutorials.

  8. Query Info

    Displays the total number of search results. Provides additional information on search terms, e.g., automated query expansions, and any included categories or facets. Expansions, filters and facets can be removed by clicking on the X. Clicking on the + restores them.

  9. Search Results

    Displays individual records and a brief description. Click on the icons below each record to explore additional display options.

X